First, we’ll determine what it takes to regulate temperature and buoyancy. ­The underwater surroundings are hostile to humans and give distinctive challenges to the scuba diver concerning respiration, temperature management, visibility, and buoyancy. In 1943, the famed oceanographer Jacques Cousteau, along with Emile Gagnan, invented the aqualung, more commonly known as scuba self-contained underwater respiration apparatus. Scuba made divers extra cells and revolutionized exploration of the oceans. In this text, we will look at the underwater world, look at the scuba tools and explore how your physique reacts to the underwater environment. Your physique heat warms the water, which then retains your heat. The wet swimsuit traps a thin layer of water between the insulating rubber of the go well with and your body.

To maintain heat underwater, divers wear insulating fits, either wet suits or dry suits. The essential gear you need for scuba diving lets you cope with the underwater atmosphere. You will additionally find out what it is advisable to do to participate in this sport. Let’s take a better lo­ok at the gear. To become a scuba diver, you must be no less than ten years outdated and take an open water certification course. Since then, many advances in scuba know-how have made the gear simpler to make use of, safer, and extra inexpensive, permitting many individuals to enjoy this fascinating adventure. The Professional Affiliation of Diving Instructors PADI says that every year, nearly 1-million people get certified for recreational scuba diving.

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